Burch pp. 133-141


p. 135
1. who she was
2. what a woman would do!
3. what she needs
4. she does not want to go with them
5. how it turned out
6. that we were proud of our heritage (Object Compliment)
7. what we will do
8. where the land meets the sea
9. What you have in your apron
10. Why he is late coming from the mines
11. why the sun comes up in the morning
12. The main thing
how we should live to prepare for the future
13. that he was married
14. how it happened
15. I couldn’t talk to him while I was in my decision-making process

p. 138
1. more winning horses than any other rider
2. As many people enjoy murder mysteries as enjoy fantasy
3. more trouble than any other one
4. more peaceful than Izzy
5. more difficult than the last job

p. 140
1. I: The street had to be roped off
the policemen had to keep the crowds back
children had to play hooky from school
D: when there was a piano moving
2. I: Point it where you want to go
keep your weight on the pegs with the revs up
this machine bounds over rough ground like a motorized gazelle
D: where you want to go
the pegs with the revs up
like a motorized gazelle
3. I: It takes about 45 minutes for the movie to emerge from Sir Ian McKellen’s beard
he plays the garrulous wizard Gandalf
D: this enormous hunk of quasi-medieval myth
based on the work of JRR Tolkien
is consistently beautiful and exciting
4. I: He was never allowed into the mysterious warrens during the workday when he was younger
at 5pm he would carry a glass filled with amber fluid
D: push the swing door with his foot
5. I: I was on the perpendicular part of the cliff
unless I could get over it soon I would just peel off the wall
D: unless I could get over it soon


1. The MVP’s exorbitant comeback clinched it
2. He told us a story about how his wife took up Israeli folk dancing
3. He showed us where to eat in the neighborhood
4. Nobody in the class knew how to solve those problems
5. That is not what the meaning of education should be about


Burch pp. 113-123


p. 114
1. Participle phrase HW: presented
2. Noun phrase HW: experience
3. Noun phrase HW: childhood
4. Noun phrase HW: pillow cover
5. Participle phrase HW: smiling
Prepositional phrase: at Leroy
6. Verb phrase HW: was sitting
Prepositional phrase: on the crest/of a hill
7. Noun phrase HW: professor
Prepositional phrase: of humanities/at City College
8. Infinitive phrase HW: to make love
Prepositional phrase: in Venice
9. Adjective phrase HW: pieces
Prepositional phrase: of old furniture
10. Noun phrase HW: light
11. Noun phrase HW: faintness
12. Gerund phrase HW: groaning
Prepositional phrase: of the hydraulic valves
13. Verb phrase HW: crossed
Noun phrase HW: city
14. Prepositional phrase
15. Infinitive phrase HW: to have
Noun phrase HW: family


p. 115
1. Phrase
2. Clause
3. Clause
4. Phrase
5. Phrase

p. 117
1. Dependent
2. Independent
3. Independent
4. Independent
5. Dependent

p. 122
1. He brandished the gun, but he didn’t know I was conscripted into the army.
2. He had been right about liberalism; we were surprised by this assumption.
3. “It’s terribly unfair,” they scowled.
4. Everybody blames us for being late to school, so we can’t wait for the bus here.
5. We met at an evangelists’ camp meeting near Coeur d’Alene, Idaho, and they are ready to defend their deep and famous interests.

Burch pp. 104-112


p. 107
1. his concentration fixed
his hands folded reassuringly across his lap
2. Hips swaying
3. Pencil sharpened
paper piled neatly before me
4. hair ribbons cascading behind them
5. Antlers erect
eyes focused on the men across the way
6. Eyes wide open
7. Tail switching slowly back and forth in pleasure
8. Fangs dripping with blood
9. My insecurities gone
10. Hands steady
11. gift held proudly before him
12. each of us peering intently into the descending dusk for glimpses of the familiar and the unknown
13. my arms swollen as sausages from lactic acid
my head pounding from tension, lack of food, and good old self-loathing
14. the crew laughing
his eyes meeting Dillon’s
15. her petite frame contrasting with GaoLing’s sturdier one


p. 108
2. Wings fluttering wildly, Icarus splashed down into the cold and salty sea, his face wearing a look of desperation.
3. Worry lines etched  into his forehead, palms sweating profusely, John clutched the teddy bear, eyes searching the crowded room.
4. Each tier balanced carefully atop a larger one, frosting color-coordinated with the bridesmaids’ gowns, and plastic bride and groom standing on the very top layer, the wedding cake looked perfect.
5. The little girl woke up from a nightmare, tears ebbing at the corners of her eyes.
6. Windows shattered, paint gouged with a large sharp object, vandals had totally spoiled the car

p. 110
1. Hands shaking, she read her piece to the class
2. Jenny, yogurt in hand, spied the donuts on the counter
3. Voice cracking, the boy loudly sang in the corner of the coffee shop
4. Hand stinging with scratches, he let go of the cat
5. She nodded, brow furrowed, mouth grimacing


Burch pp. 87-107


p. 89
6. I smelled black olives and anchovies
7. The insects are collected, documented, and pinned to the board
8. Smoke flavor and ghost peppers are added to barbecue sauces
9. Maybe I’ll buy myself a cow and a beanstalk
10. Rachel could never keep her eyes off my papers or my Jimmy Choo’s
11. I didn’t like or want his implications
12. You went out for ice cream cones with Uncle Larry, Aunt Sue and cousin Timmy
13. The living room, bathroom, and kitchen were quiet
14. There’s salt and water in the North Sea
15. After settling into my hotel room, I called my wife and kids
16. The team of archaeologists unearthed treasure, fossils, and human figurines
17. In Russia, medical care and covering up doping is expensive
18. Other people don’t seem to notice the bitterness, jealousy, and anger
19. Hutton, Fowler, and Mrs. Doubtfire have read his manuscripts
20. I paid him, her, and them a couple of dollars

p. 99
1. ruffled by a storm
2. The sagging skin of her face
3. attached to the general staff
4. racked with fever
5. Hastily throwing their cigarettes away
the disapproving eye of the principle
6. Glancing at the basket of fruit
sitting on the table
7. Shaking hands with all the guests
8. Framed by a little black beard
9. a few sharp, cutting
10. taking fire from itself and growing from its own fuel
11. the lighted
12. the dwelling places of the elders
13. inspiring
14. the crowded
15. celebrating the holiday with his family


p. 92
1. to make a glass mirror
2. to carve a study out of the little space in the apartment
3. to continue my journey
4. To appreciate good pastries
a skill pleasurable to learn
5. to search for the right word

p. 95
1. Watching everyone read out loud (subject)
2. getting clean water (object of preposition)
3. our cleaning early (direct object)
4. Organizing the food pantry (subject)
rewarding work (predicate noun)
5. remarrying (object of a preposition)

p. 103
1. milking a cow (gerund as object of preposition)
2. his father’s telling of his town in Europe etc. (gerund as direct object)
3. to bring relatives of defendants before grand juries (infinitive as adjective)
4. a skeleton with haunted eyes (participle)
5. to miss its chilly shadow (infinitive as adjective)
to buy a loaf of bread (infinitive as adverb)

p. 107
1. his concentration fixed
his hands folded reassuringly across his lap
2. Hips swaying
3. Pencil sharpened
paper piled neatly before me
4. hair ribbons cascading behind them
5. Antlers erect
eyes focused on the men across the way


p. 93
1. She viciously tried to dull every spark of talent that threatened her Olympic dreams
2. The survivors didn’t want to use up much of their ammunition
3. I challenged Mr. Bernstein to eat the smoked pork, even though I knew he was Jewish
4. During the blizzard, we wanted to go and play billiards downstairs while the adults got drunk
5. I find it very hard to control myself when I’m listening to Bassnectar

p. 97
1. She was unsure of how she would go about furnishing him with an address
2. The creatures appeared to be arriving from the ends of the earth
3. Rationing shower time was not going over well with Stacy
4. Writing poetry has turned out to be more fun and easy than I ever thought it would be
5. The children and women were first sighted entering air-raid shelters

p. 101
2. Arriving from the ends of the earth, Captain Jack set the Black Pearl towards home
3. Dinner was rice, rationed, with beans
4. Writing poetry, Jane looked a figure of beauty
5. Entering air-raid shelters, the children were terrified
6. We found him leaning against one of the massive speakers, lost in the music

p. 102
1. to discuss the treaty (infinitive)
2. staring into my eyes (participle)
3. stooped against the headwind (participle)
4. gurgling (gerund)
5. to reconstruct my life (infinitive)

Burch pp. 49-60


p. 50
3. swills the bitter ale extremely slowly
4. almost slept quietly
5. very quickly peeks over
6. he has too considered greatly
7. they had already scrubbed the hall very diligently

p. 52a
1. is pulsating (with a green light)
2. has punished her (because of her phone)
3. had been patronizing them (when it appeared)
4. pressed softly (next to the wound)
5. was wrongfully penalized (for his tattoo)

p. 52b
1. the medicine will not affect you quickly
2. the valve had begun loosening before she reached it
3. the unicorn glittered gracefully as it ran
4. brightly glowing paint along with confetti
5. I have yearned for him after all these years

p. 52c
1. she had had the last straw with him
2. the chimpanzee was flinging something towards the audience
3. she left her dirty thong in the middle of the room
4. they were frequently texting each other throughout the day
5. my dog is always around the litterbox


p. 51
1. were being passed down the tables [where]
2. were moving in a flat-footed but stealthy way [how]
3. danced with a young woman [how]
4. were vibrating with the forceful sound waves [how]
5. held the accordion over his head [where]
6. tried the same trick with some success [how]
7. came back to the ranch [where]
8. had not seen for five years [when]
9. were leaning against the wall [where]
10. in late summer accepted a modest sum of money [when]
11. did not marry again for four seasons [when]
12. measured a capful into her glass [where]
13. came into Danny’s Diner [where]
14. sat always at the same corner table [where]
15. landed in Binghamton [where]

p. 53
1. During the days that followed, (PP) Sholem Waldman went (V) downhill (ADV)
2. He would (AUX) not budge (V) from his bed (PP)

p. 54
Some fig grew by our back door, the old, stubborn tree that was slow to leaf out. Your moon threw shadows of fig branches that curled like empty hands across Estevan’s face and my chest. Something inside the man was turning inside out.

p. 58
1. The dancers were rather late to rehearsal.
2. The designer suits at Neiman Marcus are incredibly expensive
3. There was absolutely no way to cross the flooded street
4. Last weekend, Uncle Mark was really broke
5. Lou Ann was noticeably embarrassed by Bobby’s loud and obnoxious conversation
6. Very few students have your success!
7. The witness was pretty sure about what she saw
8. The jurors were mostly cordial to the prosecuting attorney
9. Sammy’s new car was way cool
10. The apple pie was too hot to taste

Burch pp. 39-49


p. 40
Simple Present/Past Tense/Past Participle/Present Participle

4. drive                      drove              driven                     driving
5. sneak                   sneaked           snuck                    sneaking
6. treat                      treated           treated                   treating
7. go                            went                gone                        going
8. roast                     roasted           roasted                   roasting

p. 46

1. Catch
Simple    I catch                         We catch
Present   You catch                   (Same as singular ‘you’)
                  He/She/It catches   They catch
Simple   Caught   Caught
Past         Caught
.                Caught   Caught
Simple   Shall catch   Shall catch
Future    Will catch
                 Will catch     Will catch
Present   Have caught   Have caught
Perfect    Have caught
.                 Has caught      Have caught
Past        Had caught   Had caught
Perfect   Had caught
                 Had caught   Had caught
Future   Shall have caught   Shall have caught
Perfect   Will have caught
.                Will have caught    Will have caught
Present           Am catching   Are catching
Progressive   Are catching
                          Is catching      Are catching
Past                 Was catching   Were catching
Progressive   Were catching
.                        Was catching   Were catching
Future            Shall be catching   Shall be catching
Progressive   Will be catching
                          Will be catching   Will be catching
Present           Have been catching   Have been catching
Perfect            Have been catching
Progressive   Has been catching     Have been catching
Past                 Had been catching   Had been catching
Perfect            Had been catching
Progressive   Had been catching   Had been catching
Future            Shall have been catching   Shall have been catching
Perfect           Will have been catching
Progressive   Will have been catching    Will have been catching

2. Come
Simple    I come                       We come
Present   You come                (Same as singular ‘you’)
                  He/She/It comes   They come
Simple   Came   Came
Past         Came
.                Came   Came
Simple   Shall come   Shall come
Future    Will come
                 Will come     Will come
Present   Have come   Have come
Perfect    Have come
.                Has come      Have come
Past        Had come   Had come
Perfect   Had come
                 Had come   Had come
Future   Shall have come   Shall have come
Perfect   Will have come
.               Will have come    Will have come
Present           Am coming   Are coming
Progressive   Are coming
                          Is coming      Are coming
Past                 Was coming   Were coming
Progressive   Were coming
.                        Was coming   Were coming
Future            Will be coming   Will be coming
Progressive   Will be coming
                          Will be coming   Will be coming
Present          Have been coming   Have been coming
Perfect            Have been coming
Progressive   Has been coming     Have been coming
Past                 Had been coming   Had been coming
Perfect            Had been coming
Progressive   Had been coming   Had been coming
Future            Shall have been coming   Shall have been coming
Perfect           Will have been coming
Progressive   Will have been coming    Will have been coming

3. Care
Simple    I care                       We care
Present   You care                (Same as singular ‘you’)
                  He/She/It cares   They care
Simple   Cared   Cared
Past         Cared
.                Cared   Cared
Simple   Shall care   Shall care
Future    Will care
                 Will care     Will care
Present   Have cared   Have cared
Perfect    Have cared
.                 Has cared      Have cared
Past        Had cared   Had cared
Perfect   Had cared
                 Had cared   Had cared
Future   Shall have cared   Shall have cared
Perfect   Will have cared
.                Will have cared    Will have cared
Present           Am caring   Are caring
Progressive   Are caring
                          Is caring      Are caring
Past                 Was caring   Were caring
Progressive   Were caring
.                        Was caring   Were caring
Future            Will be caring   Will be caring
Progressive   Will be caring
                          Will be caring   Will be caring
Present          Have been caring   Have been caring
Perfect            Have been caring
Progressive   Has been caring       Have been caring
Past                 Had been caring   Had been caring
Perfect            Had been caring
Progressive   Had been caring   Had been caring
Future            Shall have been caring   Shall have been caring
Perfect           Will have been caring
Progressive   Will have been caring    Will have been caring

Burch pp. 33-37


p. 34

  1. Jerry broke the (D) leg (HW) of the (D) desk (NA) chair (HW) (PP).
  2. Our (D) small (ADJ) investment (NA) group made a (D) lot (HW) of money (PP) before the (D) crash (HW) of tech (NA) stocks (HW) (PP).
  3. Do you know the (D) way (HW) to the (D) computer (NA) center (HW) (PP)?
  4. In her (D) will (HW) (PP), Aunt Bea left her (D) antique (ADJ) china (NA) cabinet (HW) to Opie.
  5. Tanika’s (D) small (ADJ) clothes (NA) closet (HW) is stuffed with long (ADJ) coats (HW) (PP).

    p. 35

  1. …an (D) ordinary (ADJ) inspector (HW) in a (D) paper (NA) bag (NA) factory (HW)
  2. …a (D) dirty (ADJ) plastic (NA) bottle (HW) of about 200 (D) plain white (ADJ) pills (HW)
  3. …something about the (D) whole (ADJ) village (HW)
  4. …a (D) shrill (ADJ) sound (HW) of pain
  5. …a (D) fatal (ADJ) accident (HW) in the (D) gravel (NA) quarry (HW)
  6. …some (D) nasty (ADJ) rumors (HW) about deaths/from sickness
  7. …the (D) greenhouse (NA) effect (HW) of pollution
  8. …a (D) report (HW) from the (D) commodities (NA) market (HW)
  9. …the (D) soft (ADJ) sound (HW) of waves/on the (D) shore (HW)
  10. …a (D) wad (HW) of cotton
  11. …a (D) quart (HW) of light (ADJ) beer (HW)
  12. …a (D) new (ADJ) battery (HW) in the (D) radio (HW)
  13. …the (D) carpets (HW) in the (D) sitting (ADJ) room (HW)
  14. …an (D) electrified (ADJ) fence (HW) outside the (D) electrified (ADJ) fence (HW)/around the (D) perimeter (HW)
  15. …the (D) light (HW) over the (D) shaving (ADJ) mirror (HW)
    p. 37
  1. “a (D) tall (ADJ) man (HW) with a (D) slightly forward-leaning (ADJ) stance (HW)”
  2. “a (D) formidable (ADJ) hunter (HW), even in the (D) deep (ADJ) snows (HW)/of a (D) forest (HW) that was alien to him.”



p. 34

  1. those (D) track (NA) markers (HW) in the (D) corner (HW) (PP)
  2. the (D) touchdown (NA) zone (HW)
  3. my (D) feline (NA) friend (HW)
  4. her (D) gold (NA) teeth (HW) on the (D) countertop (HW) (PP)
  5. that (D) health (NA) inspector (HW) behind the (D) fridge (HW) (PP)

    p. 36a

  1. under my umbrella + smile = my smile under my umbrella
  2. before you go + warmth = the warmth before you go
  3. in my room + girl = this girl here in my room
  4. to me + possibility = a definite possibility to me
  5. of uncertainty stinging clear + fear = the fear of uncertainty stinging clear

    p. 36b

  1. the (D) delta (HW) of a (D) small (ADJ) stream
  2. a (D) demolished (ADJ) automobile (HW)
  3. the (D) rate (NA) change (HW)
  4. the (D) small, sleeping (ADJ) female (NA) bear (HW)
  5. some (D) yellow, curling (ADJ) sycamore (NA) leaves (HW)

    p. 37a

  1. the shoeless, smart-aleck philosopher in ancient Greece
  2. an ever expanding universe
  3. that unsolvable red herring
  4. his peg leg on the table
  5. a well-dressed beggar outside 7-Eleven

    p. 37b

  1. the aggressive white rabbit on the mountain
  2. the pelican brief
  3. this fine sunny afternoon
  4. the dusk before dawn
  5. one last-second decision in the nick of time